What Is A Balanced Diet For A Pregnant Woman? 

Everybody suggests a balanced diet for a pregnant woman as it is important for a healthy pregnancy. But here you will get the pro ways to have a balanced diet to enjoy pregnancy to the maximum height of the joy.

Further in the article, you will learn what to eat or what not to eat, a Balanced diet for a pregnant woman nhs for the proper growth of your baby. Moreover, a balanced diet will help you speed up digestion during pregnancy, such as constipation, morning sickness in the third trimester, heartburn, gas, bloating, etc.

Balanced Diet For A Pregnant Woman

What is the Meaning of Balanced Diet For A Pregnant Woman?

A balanced diet for a pregnant woman means taking a healthy plate of food full of various nutrients. The balanced diet has divided into five food groups. Besides these food groups, fluid intake is a major part when you plan a balanced diet for a pregnant woman.

Here are the five food groups that combo will offer you the most nutritious food plate to make your pregnancy healthiest and happiest.

  • Wholegrains and cereals
  • legumes and vegetables
  • Seasonal fruits
  • Dairy Products like cheese, yogurt
  • Lean meats and poultry

Above mentioned foods are part of the healthy diet for pregnancy. If you take a balanced diet daily, that will be good for the health of you and your baby. A fetus needs lots of nutrition for proper growth. So, mom-to-be, it is your responsibility to eat a balanced diet to provide all essential nutrition to your coming baby.

Why is a Balanced Diet for a Pregnant Woman Week by Week Important?

The food you eat during pregnancy has both direct and indirect effects on your unborn child. Additionally, the fetus’s general growth is dependent on the nutrition the expectant mother provides. Additionally, doctors advise keeping a close eye on your diet during pregnancy because a healthy diet forms the cornerstone of your child’s physical and mental development.

A balanced diet for a pregnant woman is also important for her health. A pregnant woman has to face so many hormonal changes during pregnancy, so she also needs strength to cope with all hormonal changes.

Nausea and vomiting are the commonest problems during pregnancy that can deal with by making some adjustments to the food choices. Adding ginger to the diet is the simplest trick to treat nausea and vomiting.

In the same way, many pregnancy problems are solved by taking the right food at the right time. Most women feel low during pregnancy. Eating healthy fat, crabs, and protein-rich foods makes you energetic and strengthen your immune system.

Maintaining a healthy weight when pregnant is also possible with A balanced diet for a pregnant woman. those high in protein are necessary for the fetus’s physical development, whereas those high in fat support the fetus’s neurological system. Additionally, omega-3 fatty acids raise a baby’s IQ level.

A balanced diet for a pregnant woman is the base for the physical and mental growth of the baby. The best thing is to keep a water bottle with you always and take a sip whenever you feel thirsty throughout the day.

What are the Needed Prenatal Vitamins and Their Sources of Food?

Medical experts recommend taking prenatal vitamins for almost 9 months and a balanced diet for pregnant women as their needs for nutrition change drastically as per the trimester. Prenatal vitamins work as nutrition backups to keep the need of pregnant women in check.

Prenatal vitamins reduce the risk of congenital disabilities, Autism and also prevent premature birth. So, it is essential to take these supplements for proper growth (mentally and physically) is a must. But you can’t replace a balanced diet with prenatal vitamins.

Here are the types of prenatal vitamins and sources of foods to meet their needs:

1) Folic Acid

Doctors suggest starting to take folic acid from day 1 of the pregnancy. Besides the folic supplements, you must include folate-based foods in your daily diet. A pregnant woman needs at least 400 micrograms of folic acid every day for the growth of the fetus. The neural tube and baby’s neurological system depend on folic acid. It helps the developing baby’s heart and circulatory system. Folic acid consumption reduces the chance of miscarriage in females.

Sources of folate-based foods:

  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Broccoli
  • Fruits like oranges and avocado
  • Bread or cereals

2) Iron

A women’s’ body produces an efficient amount of iron naturally. But women need more iron than usual during pregnancy to complete the need of the fetus too. So, the extra iron can be fulfilled by supplements and iron-based foods. Iron is necessary to generate the required volume of blood. The placenta and fetus need 27 milligrams of iron per day to grow in pregnant women.

Sources of iron-rich foods:

  • Chicken
  • Salmon
  • Shrimp
  • Sardines
  • Kale
  • Beans and Lentils
  • Spinach
  • Broccoli

3) Calcium

A balanced diet for a pregnant is full of calcium as it is needed for bone formation, enzyme and hormone functioning, and development of the skeleton, and also provides aids in muscle contraction,

Note:- If you take iron and calcium supplements, a negative reaction may happen between them; that is why doctors recommend taking the supplements in a gap of several hours.

At least 1,000 milligrams of calcium must be consumed daily by a pregnant woman. Additionally, calcium helps the baby’s developing teeth become robust and lowers the chance of preeclampsia. Additionally, calcium enhances blood clotting properties.

Sources of calcium-rich foods:

  • Dairy products
  • Green vegetables
  • Seafood
  • Dried peas
  • Beans

4) Vitamin D

It is essential for the strength of the mother and fetus both. After delivery, the lactating mother becomes the source of vitamin D for the fetus. So, it is necessary to have a sufficient calcium level in the mother’s body.

Preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, premature birth, and decreased baby weight are all conditions that calcium helps to prevent during pregnancy. It helps keep the newborns’ blood sugar levels stable. 1,000–2,000 international units of vitamin D daily are required for expectant mothers.

 Sources of vitamin D foods:

  • Canned tuna
  • Fatty fish
  • Dairy products
  • Eggs
  • Orange
  • Cereal,
  • Mushroom

5) Lodine

It is helpful for the development of the baby’s brain and thyroid hormone synthesis in both mother and child. A balanced diet for a pregnant woman contains rich sources of Iodine as she needs 50 percent of Iodine more than usual. An expecting mother needs 220 to 250 micrograms iron per day.

Source of the iodine-rich foods:

  • Yogurt
  • Low-fat milk
  • Corn
  • Cheese
  • Apple
  • Raisin bran cereal

6) DHA (Docosahexaenoic acid)

DHA is a special nutrient that boosts babies’ memory and sleeps quality. It is also helpful for inducing the baby’s cognitive skills and improving language, focus, and attention span. DHA reduces asthma, blood pressure, and allergies. It is also helpful to fight depression. A woman needs at least 200 milligrams (mg) of DHA daily before, during, and after pregnancy.

Source of the DHA-rich foods 

  • Herring
  • Salmon
  • Trout
  • Anchovies
  • Halibut
  • Orange
  • Milk 
  • Eggs 

Explanation of the Foods that are Part of a Balanced Diet for a Pregnant Woman

Here is the list of the best foods that should be include in the balanced diet for a pregnant women to make her maternity’s journey happy and enjoyable:

1) Dairy products

Dairy products like cheese, milk, and yogurt are the best source to meet the different needs for calcium and protein. Casein and whey are found in dairy products. Moreover, they provide zinc, vitamin B, and magnesium.

Greek yogurt is the richest source of dairy products to get sufficient calcium. Dairy products are also good for digestion. Anyone who is lactose intolerant, then also take the probiotic yogurt. If you are facing complications in enjoying yogurt smoothies, lassi, etc., then consult your doctor. They will suggest you the best dairy product or a specific amount of the products as per your health report.

2) Legumes

Lentils. Peas, beans, soybeans, chickpeas, and peanuts are part of the Legumes groups. Legumes are plant-based sources of various nutrients such as fiber, protein, folate, iron, and calcium that you need throughout the pregnancy.

Moreover, you will get magnesium and potassium with the Legumes food groups. You can easily add food to your lunch, dinner, or breakfast. Anytime you can eat them, get an extra amount of nutrition to get a healthy baby. So, it is the essential part of a balanced diet for a pregnant woman.

3) Eggs

Eggs are a complete source of all the nutrients you need throughout pregnancy, including calcium, protein, vitamins, and minerals. They are advantageous for the spine’s and the brain’s growth. Therefore, eggs are a crucial component of a balanced diet for a pregnant woman.

There are so many ways to add eggs in the balanced diet of a pregnant woman. You can try egg curry, boiled egg, omelet, etc., at your convenience. Moreover, eggs are the cheapest foods, full of almost all nutrients that are highly needed during pregnancy.

4) Leafy Green And Broccoli

No doubt. Broccoli and dark green vegetables like spinach, etc., are packed with the essential nutrients that are needed for the development of the pregnant woman and her baby. You will get vitamin C, vitamin K., vitamin A, folate, potassium, iron, calcium, and protein. Green vegetables are also beneficial in dealing with the commonest pregnancy problem, constipation. You can take the veggies in the form of curry and green smoothies.

5) Whole Grains

Whole grains like oats, quinoa, brown rice, wheat berries, and barley contain many vitamins, fiber, and other plant base nutrients. They are the best source to get vitamin B and magnesium and also crucial part of a balanced diet for a pregnant woman. You can try oats with dry fruits and milk. You can make the masala oats and take quinoa and roasted sweet potato bowl to get the nutrient in bulk.

6) Lean Meat And Protein

Lean beef, pork, and chicken are highly recommended as a balanced diet for pregnant woman. They contain a high amount of protein, iron, choline, and other B vitamins necessary to fulfill the needs of the expecting mother and baby. Low levels of iron may cause iron deficiency anemia that, increases the risk of low birth weight and other issues.

In the case of vegetarians, the food can’t complete the need for iron in the woman’s body which is why doctors suggest iron supplements. But for those who are taking meat, their almost need for iron and other nutrients gets completed through food. Note:- Never mix iron-rich foods with vitamin C-rich foods like an orange that may cause abortion.

7) Dried Fruits

Additionally, they are a fantastic way to get a lot of vitamins and minerals. However, it is advised to consume a little amount of dried fruit while pregnant. Dates are an ideal component of a balanced diet for a pregnant woman and only require modest portions because they are high in potassium, iron, and fiber.

Dried fruits are a healthy alternative to artificial sugar and a natural supply of sugar. For pregnant women, one serving of dried fruits should be added to the diet. They are a fantastic choice for a nutritious snack. You can also mix dried fruits with seeds to enhance the nutritional value of your healthy snacks. Dried foods are the best part of a balanced diet for a pregnant woman that everyone eats happily.

8) Water

A balanced diet for a pregnant woman can’t complete without water. It is so important to keep yourself hydrated during pregnancy. Your baby will take fluid from your body. If you don’t keep your water intake in check, you dehydrate yourself. Dehydration may cause headaches, anxiety, tiredness, less energy, and a bad mood and affect your memory.

On the other side, increasing the intake of water or fluids prevents constipation and urine infection during pregnancy. The best thing is to keep a water bottle with you always and take a sip whenever you feel thirsty throughout the day.


Pregnancy is the most delicate time for a pregnant woman. You need to keep track of what you need or not, as a balanced diet for a pregnant woman is essential for the growth of the fetus. A small; fetus is growing in the mother’s womb and needs lots of nutrition to mature enough to deliver.

An expectant mother is the only source for a baby to get all the needed nutrients, So the mother’s diet plays the most important role in forming a healthy baby. A balanced diet for a pregnant woman means including varieties of food to get the different nutrients to lead to a healthy pregnancy.

Moreover, listen to your body to enjoy your balanced diet. If you feel uneasy after eating any food, then avoid that food for some time and consult with your doctor. Many women crave fried and sugar-loaded foods, but that is not good for you. So what to do? Go for a walk to avoid cravings and eat some healthy snacks to fulfill them. Opt a balanced diet for a pregnant woman is the crucial step for the proper development of your baby.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Here are the answers to the most asked questions about a balanced diet for a pregnant woman that will help you to grab more knowledge regarding nutrition and a balanced diet during pregnancy:

What function does a balanced diet serve during pregnancy?

Because it offers the necessary nutrients for both the mother’s health and the healthy growth of the fetus, a balanced diet is critical throughout pregnancy.

What should a balanced diet for a pregnant woman contain?

To guarantee a varied intake of nutrients, it should contain a range of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and dairy products.

How many extra calories a pregnant woman needs to eat each day?

While the extra caloric consumption during pregnancy varies, it usually falls between 300 and 500 calories per day.

What essential nutrients do expectant women require, and why?

The development of the baby’s brain, bones, and general health depends on nutrients including folic acid, iron, calcium, and omega-3 fatty acids.

Are there any foods to stay away from when pregnant?

Yes, certain foods should be avoided owing to potential dangers, such as raw seafood, unpasteurized dairy, and fish rich in mercury.

How can a pregnant woman manage food intolerance and morning sickness?

Morning sickness can be controlled by eating smaller, more frequent meals and concentrating on bland, easily digestible foods.

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